Back in April, I wrote about why it takes so long to get ebooks from the library. Essentially, it's because the Big 6 publishers are charging libraries an arm and a leg ($80) for limited copies of ebooks. 

Well, this morning I woke up to an email in my inbox from Smashwords that says they've negotiated a deal with Overdrive (the largest provider of ebooks to libraries) to sell digital copies of Indie-published books to libraries for as little as $4. 

Win win!

Library card holders get access to hundreds of thousands of new titles, libraries satisfy their members and reduce their prices, and Indie authors can reach a vast audience that was previously off-limits to them. When I wrote that post less than six weeks ago, I thought it would be months if not years before a solution was found to the ebook/library problem. I'm sure glad I was wrong--because I'm running out of library ebook selet
 
 
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The author interviews we've collected over at the Book Pound have become a treasure trove of great advice from successful authors. Some of these authors are self-published and some are traditionally published, but they all offer helpful tips for authors who are just starting out.

  • "Write what you like and what you want.  Decide if you like main stream publishing through an agent and publishing company or if you'd prefer to self publish.  There is no shame in either method." -James Buehler
  • "Choose your entertainment wisely. Whether a book was written centuries ago or the ink is still wet, do your best to choose that which will uplift and even educate you where possible." -Lea Carter
  • "Read and read more. Start writing—anything. Set aside a small amount of time each day to write or, even if you don’t write anything down, just to think about your story. Join a writing group and learn to take criticism. Don’t expect to be a good writer without learning the craft of writing." -Gwen Dandridge
  • "Enjoy life. Do what makes your heart sing. And, if you fail once, twice, or a hundred times at what you love to do, then get back up and keep going." -Brandon Ellis 
  • Someone said it takes about a million words to get the craft right, and I know that was true for me. So write whatever you can, whenever you can, be it a blog post, essay, journal entry, or something. -Amber Skye Forbes
  • "Everyone is entitled to his or her opinion and everyone has different tastes, but that doesn’t mean that an author’s writing style or book is no good because someone else doesn’t like it." -Elsha Fornefeld
  • "I have certain tricks to force myself into sitting down for a writing session; like making a regular writing schedule, treating it like an exercise program, and balancing my life." -Stephanie Fowers
  • "If you are self-publishing your story, have someone sit with you as you, he, or she read it and follow along to see if the story actually says what you think it says. Have different people you trust to do the same. I have found that the human brain often plays tricks on you. You may not have written what you think you have." -DR Fuller
  • "I think about my characters and then I just let them tell me their story.  Now, if the story starts to drag, usually towards the second part of the middle chunk, I might very vaguely plot out the rest to both avoid a sagging middle and to make sure that everything pulls together at the end." -Amber Gilchrist
  • "Spend the time necessary to research your topic, but allow your creative mind to fill in the gaps." -Kevin Hansen
  • "Learning to write in many formats—articles, blog posts, reports, product descriptions, essays, and web-site content—will enhance all the writing you do and teach you how to communicate ideas in a way that others can understand." -Teresa Hirst
  • "Just do it! Also, don't write fiction for money. Don't leave your day job and say "I'm going to support my family with this novel." If you make money... great! But if you set out for that purpose you will probably just find frustration and not the satisfaction and fulfillment that writing a book can give you." -Sam Lytle
  • "I'm always looking at social networking sites as a communications tool or marketing tool. What I do enjoy about it is adopting new tools, or trying out the next big thing, before most people do, and figuring out how to make the new "tool" work for marketing." -Erin Ann McBride
  • "Art inspires me and I find myself creating artwork for each of my characters. It inspires entire scenes at times!" -Heather McCorkle
  • "Don’t be too fussy about your first draft. You will edit it many times over. I see students who get stuck like I did when I had to write in school. They feel that their first draft has to be near perfection." -Brian Michaud
  • "Patience is a required virtue of all authors." -Laurisa White Reyes
  • "You are your best marketer for your book. If you don't believe in yourself or your work - no one will." -Lindsey Rietzsch
  • "Just recently my book got into a juvenile jail, and a 15 year old that's never going home again wrote me, and said that my book helped change his life for eternity." -Tommie Scott
  • "However I must admit there were some nights I had to "walk" away from writing for a few nights when memories and emotions got to much to handle." -Gracie Lea Silverwood
  • "Patience and a good work ethic are major tools to building a buzz about your books. Learn everything you can about the business of publishing if that’s your end goal. It will help you avoid the myriad of scams out there." -Sabrina Sumsion
  • "KEEP AT IT. Don’t get discouraged. This is the best time to be an author. I published my first book traditionally, which was a great experience. For the sequel, I decided to give self-publishing a try. It’s been a completely different ball game, but so far I’ve really enjoyed it. If you have a story to tell, tell it with the confidence that your words will be read someday. Writing can be a whirlwind of highs-and-lows, but in the end, it’s worth it." -Holly J. Wood


 
 
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I get why it takes so long to get a hardcover copy of Divergent from the library. There are only so many copies, and everybody gets three weeks to read it. Then they return it to a random city branch, and the library has to transport the physical copy to a different branch where the next person on the waiting list has requested to pick it up. That requester gets several days to pick it up before the next three-week check-out begins. Yeah. Got that.

What I've wondered is: why does it take so long to get ebook holds from the library. They're not physical copies, right? They're just collections of bits and bytes that get uploaded and downloaded between servers and e-readers. Should be a snappy process, but it's not. I've waited months to get email notices that say, "The following digital title is now available to borrow and will be held for you for 7 days (168 hours) from the time this email was sent. If you do not borrow this title within 7 days (168 hours), the hold will expire. Thank you!"

First of all, why are there holds in the first place? If 300 people all want to read Amy Chua's new book on their Kindles at the same time, why can't they?

Here's why:

Libraries purchase licensing agreements to e-books through a distributor. The purchasing agreements stipulate either a time frame or a number of uses. For example, the e-book may be loaned out for a year or for 26 uses. After this time period or number of uses, the digital copy disappears from the library's catalog.

This is something new and different because with paper copies of books, the library only has to buy the copy once, and they can continue lending it out until nobody cares about it anymore or the binding has turned to  dust, whichever comes first. In most cases, this is many, many years of good hard use for about $12.99.

Digital copies of books, on the other hand, cost much, much more, and they're only good for a short amount of time. For a new bestseller today, publishers are charging libraries $84 per copy, and only one person can use it at a time.

How did this happen?

Traditional publishers have been caught off guard by the sudden rise in demand for e-books. A recent survey showed that roughly 50% of adults have e-readers, and sales of e-books continues to rise unabated. To protect their interests, publishers create these stringent and expensive purchase licensing agreements to keep the money flowing their direction. But I think this tactic is going to backfire.

What is preventing smaller publishers and independent publishers from creating much more attractive licensing agreements with libraries? Nothing except convenience for the libraries. And as we've seen with Amazon's innovations in independent publishing, it won't take much for someone (or perhaps the libraries themselves) to develop a simple way for small and independent publishers to make their e-books available on a vast and inexpensive scale to library readers everywhere.

Once this happens, publishers will not be able to charge $84 for a year's worth of single-use checkouts, and readers everywhere will have easy access to books that educate, entertain, and make life interesting.

So who's going to invent it? Is it you?

 
 
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In high school and college, whenever a teacher would announce there was going to be a group project, I inwardly groaned and slid down in my seat. Group projects really weren't my thing. 

There was the research writing project I ended up doing all by myself because my partner suddenly had severe medical problems. There was dissection lab with the girl who was became obsessed with "getting the brain out" of the fetal pig. There was the college poetry group project that was really more like organized flirting.

So as an adult, I've steered clear of anything resembling a group project until several years ago when I was working at a publishing company and my boss asked if I would be interested co-authoring a book about babysitting co-ops. Co-authoring sounded like it could be perilous. Would there be struggles for control? Would there be missed deadlines or guilt if I failed to live up to expectations? On the other hand, people co-authored books every day. How bad could it be?

I agreed, and I began working with Samantha Nielsen on the project. As it turned out, we worked very well together. We didn't have the same strengths, but that turned out to be a great advantage for our team. The result Babysitting Co-op 101: A Win-Win Childcare Solution, _a well-written resource for parents of young children who need babysitting options and don't have much money to spend on childcare. And along the way, I learned all about the advantage of co-authoring.

3 Seriously Awesome Advantages of Co-Authoring

More Ideas

Best friends Taksh Gupta and Akhil Ahuja came upon the idea of co-authoring their novel Love@365 Kmph as they told each other stories. Their combined ideas came together, and they decided they might as well write a novel together since their ideas worked together so well.

Many co-authors send chapters back and forth to each other via email, but Gupta and Ahuja talked through their story and took turns writing it down. Of course, they didn't always agree on the course of the story, but they hashed it out and turned it into a seamless narrative.


More Contacts

Even for traditionally published books, marketing can be a real headache for authors. Most authors just want to start working on their next project when they finish a book, not start peddling their book like a virtual door-to-door salesman.

This is another area where it really helps to have a co-author. When there are two of you, you have twice as many social media contacts, professional contacts, and friends and family members who have their own contacts. This can make a huge difference with marketing, which can get you focused on your next project sooner.

Deadlines!

If procrastination is one of your major weaknesses, co-authoring can be the key to keep you moving. Why? Because you're more likely to keep a promise to someone else than you are to keep a promise to yourself.

With a co-author, you'll be saying things like, "I'll finish up Chapter 12 and get it to you by Friday." Guess what? Chapter 12 will be done by Friday, and your book will steadily march along toward completion. For some people, this is the biggest advantage of co-authoring. Accountability to another professional is a powerful tool on your path to publication.
If you haven't tried co-authoring before, give it a try. You might find that working with another human being on a writing project is just the kick-in-the-pants your writing life has been looking for. And you might just make a great friend and colleague along the way.
 
 
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This week parents of children in Harlem rallied to announce they were opting out of standardized Common Core testing for their children. In one classroom alone 20 out of 23 children will not be taking the state-mandated tests because their parents have signed opt-out letters.

Is this wise?

Let's take a quick look at the history of standardized testing in America.

In 1975, the College Board decried the decline of SAT scores, and in 1983, the National Commission on Excellence in Education called for higher standards for both teachers and students. This push prompted President Bush to set national goals for "excellence in education" in 1990. 

At that time, Congress tried to mandate standards with the "Goals 2000: Educate America Act" in 1994. In response to the act, states issued grade-level standards followed by "revised standards" and then "improved standards." None of these attempts brought test scores up, and in 2002 the second President Bush signed into law the "No Child Left Behind Act" (NCLB). This act required schools accepting federal funds (virtually all schools in the United States) to provide assessment results. 

Did NCLB improve test scores? No. And in the following decade, the SAT has been re-normed and state standards have been revised again, and now we have a new version of the same failed idea: The Common Core State Standards Initiative.

It's nothing new, so why are parents in Harlem holding up signs that say, "More Teaching, More Art, More Gym, and Less Testing"? Because, according to a report by the American Federation of Teachers, kids and teachers spend a staggering 19 full school days absorbed in test prep and testing each year. That's 19 days--roughly "60 to more than 110 hours per year"--in test prep in high-stakes testing grades. 

It's no wonder that SAT scores have slipped over the years. Kids don't get nearly as much instructional time as they used to have in school. And financial resources have to be re-allocated to testing when they could be used for materials and programs. Common Core isn't going to address the problem of stealing precious instructional time for ever-increasing testing, and it won't reduce the financial burden imposed on school districts, but it will add to the conundrum: data gathering.

States that accept funds via the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) are required to "build statewide longitudinal data systems that can follow individual students from early childhood through K-12 and post-secondary ed and into the workforce." What is all this information going to be used for? Well, that depends on who's in charge and what their standards, ideals, and ethics dictate, but to keep things open, the act says that schools should collect 400 data points, and "it is a comprehensive, non-proprietary inventory. . .that can be used by schools, LEAs, states, vendors, and researchers." It's already being used by vendors.

In other words, your kids are spending at least 19 full school days each year providing marketing data for corporations at taxpayer expense. And that's just one of the questionable uses for Common Core's data mining.

I have to tell you what I thought about when I read the phrase, "that can follow individual students from early childhood through K-12 and post-secondary ed and into the workforce." I thought about the summer I was a foreign exchange student in Czechoslovakia. It was 1992, the summer the country voted to split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Velvet Revolution had turned out the Communist government just 2 1/2 years ago, and although the young people were very optimistic about life and relishing their freedom, the older people seemed unreasonably suspicious and discouraged in my opinion.

One day I was on the bus with my host sister when a transit official stepped on board to make sure everyone had a stamped ticket. The older woman next to me pulled out what looked like a worn-out passport and held it on her lap. She kept it in sight until the transit official finished checking tickets, and then she put it away in her bag.

After we got off the bus I asked my host sister what the passport was all about. "It's not a passport," she said. "It's a record of everything she's ever done. We used to have to carry those around with us. It has everything: school grades, test scores, reports from employers, criminal records. If you ever got fired from a job, it's in there."

"But why does she still carry it around if that old communist government is gone?"

My host-sister shrugged. "She's probably scared they'll come back. You could get in big trouble if you didn't keep it with you at all times."

I'm sure there are good intentions behind the "longitudinal data systems." People move a lot, and having school records all gathered in one electronic place would probably save time for office workers. But efficiency isn't everything. Some things, like freedom, trump efficiency. America's world-famous reputation for providing opportunity for upward mobility depends on people being able to change and improve their lives. I'm not going to lie on a job application, but I'm probably not going to announce that I got a D in Physical Science unless they specifically ask about it. With our new longitudinal data system, however, there it is, screaming "Science Numskull!" for everyone who has access: schools, LEAs, states, vendors, researchers.

So what's a parent to do about Common Core? Well, you can follow the lead of Gretchen Murgenthaler and other NYC parents and opt out. Or you can homeschool. Just think of what you could do with those 19 extra days!

 
 
Writing contests can be helpful in many different situations. They can motivate reluctant writers to do their best and meet a deadline. They can help students to pay for college (see the Ayn Rand contest below). They can boost confidence and help a future writer to start a stellar resume. They can give homeschooled students a broader audience for their work.

Whatever the reason, encourage your child to enter one of the following writing contests in 2014. There ought to be a contest for everyone in the following list.

PBS KIDS Writers Contest
Write a story that has a beginning, middle, and end; a central event like a conflict or discover; characters who change or learn a lesson; and illustrations that help tell the tale.
Who Can Enter? Kids in kindergarten, first, second, or third grade
Cost: Free
Deadline: Check with your local PBS affiliate
Can You Enter More Than Once? No
Prizes? Tablet computers and MP3 players

18th Annual Signet Classics Student Scholarship Essay Contest
Write an essay on one of six topics for this year's competition book, Beowulf
Who Can Enter? Students in grades 11 or 12 who live in the USA
Cost: Free
Deadline: April 14, 2014
Can You Enter More Than Once? No
Prizes? (5) $1,000 Scholarships and a Signet Classics Library for the winner's school library or public library

7th Annual Junior Authors Short Story Writing Contest
Write a short story in less than 1,000 words. Cut all empty words that do not add to setting, plot, or characterization.
Who Can Enter? Anyone from any country who is between 9 and 21 years old as of June  30, 2014
Cost: Free if you don't want feedback; $15 for the feedback option, which includes a writing workbook
Deadline: June 30, 2014 at midnight
Can You Enter More Than Once? No
Prizes: Amazon gift cards, publication, signed copies of Polly Wants to Be a Writer 

Poetic Power.com Essay Contest
Poetic Power sponsors three essay contests each year. Topics are wide open, and word counts are short.
Who Can Enter: Students in Canada and the United States in grades 4-12
Cost: Free
Deadlines: February 18, July 15, and October 15, 2014
Can You Enter More Than Once? No
Prizes: $25

Adventure Write Kids Totem Heads Story Contest
Write a story in 1,500 words or less. Your story should be appropriate for kids, and the first sentence should start with, "So there I was."
Who Can Enter: US Residents under 19 years old
Cost: Free
Deadline: December 31, 2014
Can You Enter More Than Once? Yes
Prizes: $50 cash and publication on AdventureWrite.com/kids

Ayn Rand The Fountainhead Essay Contest
Write an essay about the novel The Fountainhead using one of three specified topics. The prizes are huge on this one, and The Fountainhead is one fantastic book.
Who Can Enter? Students worldwide who are in the 11th or 12th grades
Cost: Free
Deadline: July 26, 2014
Can You Enter More Than Once? No
Prizes: $10,000 for first prize, $2,000 for second prize, $1,000 for third prize. More than $40,000 in prizes in all.

Teen Ink Magazine Writing Contests
This magazine runs a host of writing contests throughout the year. Check their website for the latest.

The Betty Award
The Betty Award runs both Spring and Fall contests. Write short stories that are less than 1,000 words.
Who Can Enter? All children worlwide ages 8-12
Cost: $15
Deadline: May 17, 2014
Can You Enter More Than Once? Yes
Prizes: Cash prizes ranging from $100 to $300



 
 
PictureJr. Docents at the Rockport Aquarium in Rockport, TX
Aside from academic and religious reasons, some parents decide they want to homeschool their children to teach them how to live in a more holistic and thoughtful way. One way you can do this is to integrate volunteer work and community service into your children’s school schedules. The benefits of including volunteer work in your kids’ curriculum are many; here are just a few:
  • Regular social interaction with a variety of people in your community
  • A feeling of worth gained through meaningful service
  • A strong focus on others, diminishing preoccupation with self and entertainment
  • Compassion for other members of the community 
The above benefits are rich, and they’re difficult to come by through traditional educational methods, but you can easily make them a part of your children’s day-to-day lives by arranging for your family to become involved in one of the following volunteering efforts.

Visiting Nursing Homes
As the population ages, more and more people are living in nursing homes and assisted living centers, and all too often, these people don’t have regular visitors. Coordinate with a local nursing home to arrive at a set time each week. Residents will look forward to visits from your polite children. If your kids play instruments, provide a weekly or monthly concert, giving your kids ample motivation for practicing during the week. Or you could keep things casual by bringing card games, board games, or coloring pages.

Serving As Museum Docents
Some museums and zoos, such as the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, have volunteer opportunities for kids who want to give tours or man displays and booths. When kids volunteer at museums and zoos, they get real world work experience and they have contact with people who are experts in their fields. They learn their material well as they teach others about the museum’s or zoo’s offerings. Kids also feel very proud when they can educate their peers about a topic they’re interested in.

Working at a Food Bank
Food banks always need volunteers to sort, organize, and shelve donations. This is especially true during the holidays when they’re inundated with donations from canned food drives. Working at a food bank helps your kids to develop an appreciation for what they have and to be more sensitive to those who have less. In addition, they learn about dependability, good work habits, and courtesy.

Tutoring
Common sense says that if your child is good at math, she should be a math tutor, but think beyond the obvious. Maybe your daughter is having trouble with reading comprehension. Why not set up a regular tutoring session where she works with a younger child on reading skills? She’ll realize that she knows a lot more than she thinks she does, and in her zeal to teach her young pupil, she might just rediscover her own enthusiasm for reading. If at all possible, find pupils for your children who are not members of your family. They tend to take their responsibilities more seriously when they’re not tutoring their siblings. If you know another homeschooling family in your neighborhood, set up a tutoring swap.

Organizing Group Service Projects
Volunteering doesn't have to be something that takes up a regular slot on your homeschool calendar. It can be something you do from time-to-time and can involve other homeschoolers in your co-op or neighborhood. For example, LACES, a homeschool service group in Columbia, Tennessee, volunteered as a group at The People's Table, which is sponsored by a local church. Projects like this build unity among homeschoolers and put many hands to work to serve the community.

Children who learn to volunteer during their growing-up years always find ways to serve their communities as adults. After all, it's been a way of life for them. Helping others becomes second nature when time has been set aside for meaningful service. Homeschoolers are in the unique situation of having great flexibility over their schedules, and this opens many doors for volunteering. While everyone else is at school, your homeschool students can be docents at the museum or tutor five-year-olds with their counting and reading. Volunteering is one more way you can cultivate character in your children and introduce them to people who can genuinely use their help. You're raising kids who will change the world.

 
 
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Looking for a great literature unit for your homeschool students? Moon Over Manifest, the 2011 Newbery Winner, makes a great homeschool lit unit. It's not just beautifully written and full of literary qualities, but it also gives students a glimpse of two important historical periods: World War I and the Great Depression.




From now until March 15th, you can get the e-book version of this unit study from Smashwords for 25% off. Just use the following coupon code at checkout:

KX68AIf you'd rather have the print version, head on over to Amazon. Happy homeschooling!


 
 
Can't we just read the book without worrying about all that extra stuff?
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It's a fair question. Why worry about tone, imagery, personification, and alliteration if the author didn't think it was necessary to point them out anyway? Why spend time learning the names of literary devices and how authors use them to tell a good story?

Here's the least satisfying answer to that questions: because it's going to be on the test. For any college-bound kid, literary devices will be on the tests. They'll be on the SAT and ACT, and they'll have to use their knowledge of literary devices when they take Freshman English at college. But that's like telling a kid she has to learn geometry because it's required by the state. It doesn't really help. 

What's the most satisfying answer to that question?

By learning about literary devices, you gain a deeper appreciation and understanding of literature. 

One of my kids has absolutely no interest in football. He doesn't care about how scoring works, doesn't care about offense or defense, couldn't care less about 2-point conversions. Therefore, when we go to a football game or watch one on TV, he's bored. Sure, he likes to soak up the ambience and eat a hot dog, but the game is lost on him. He goes home with pretty much the same attitude as when he arrived--maybe he's a little less hungry.

My dad, on the other hand, knows everything there is to know about football. He can't get enough of it because not only does he know all the rules and statistics, but he knows how each team did last year and the year before. He knows which coaches have switched teams and which players' brothers played and what their positions were. He knows what kinds of skills are essential for each position on the field. With all of this knowledge, the games are exquisitely entertaining and fulfilling, and that's how literature is when you know all the ins and outs.

When you know that Clare Vanderpool's allusion to Moby Dick in Moon Over Manifest enriches the story of a protagonist searching for something unattainable, you feel rich. When you understand that stars symbolize people in Number the Stars, and you know it because you figured it out yourself, you feel like you've climbed to the summit of a peak and now you can enjoy the breathtaking and extensive view. When you know how literature works and you understand how to dig deeply and immerse yourself in it, you're not just an insider; you get to live deeply and richly and see more than others see.

So as you teach homeschool literature, don't neglect literary devices. Print the above sheet out (email me for a printable pdf if you'd like), or get a larger version at The Book Pound, and post it where you and your students can refer to it often. Talk about themes, irony, and foreshadowing. Don't skim stories like a pauper; read as richly as a king.

 
 
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If you're looking for a biography... No, wait. If you're looking for an inspiring book about Christianity... No, that's not quite it either. If you're looking for role models on how to live cultured and meaningful lives... Whatever it is you're looking for, read Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy by Eric Metaxas. I was hoping for a great biography with this book, but it turned out to be so much more than that. In fact, I would say it's more like three books in one. Talk about overdelivering. 

Book #1: How Did Hitler Happen?
I've read a lot about World War II and the Holocaust (haven't we all?), but I've never read a book that explained so clearly how Hitler rose to power and got away with so much. Because World War II and the Holocaust are such enormous topics, narratives tend to jump right into the middle of the action, leaving readers feeling like they've been transported to some strange fantasyland, not unlike the dystopias of today's YA lit (Hunger Games, etc.). But Eric Metaxas pulls way back from the start of World War II, even back before World War I and sets us gently down in the highly cultured, highly educated world of Dietrich Bonhoeffer's admirable family. Through the first world war and the harrowing reparations demanded of Germany and then through Germany's financial crisis and national identity crisis, the conditions become ripe, crisis by crisis, for a madman like Hitler to climb the stairs onto the international stage. If you're interested in the question of how Hitler happened, this book is wonderful, but it doesn't end there.

Book #2: What is true Christianity?
This is another huge topic, and it's explored question by question throughout Bonhoeffer's extraordinary life. Born into a scientific and educationally exacting family, Dietrich Bonhoeffer stood out from the beginning, announcing at the age of 13 that he wanted to be a theologian. His older brother was working on splitting atoms with Albert Einstein and his father was Germany's best known psychiatrist, so pursuing theology was an odd choice. I admire the brave truth-seeking Bonhoeffer exhibited, beginning when he was very young. He explored different religions, admiring the bits and pieces he felt were "true" in each. For example, when he spent time in New York City, he attended church in Harlem because he felt the churches there showed much more true devotion to Jesus Christ than the more intellectual churches in midtown Manhattan. He also talked about "cheap grace," the idea that you only have to confess faith in Jesus Christ but don't have to follow his commandments or strive to live in a Christlike way. Woven throughout the history and biographical narrative are many, many faith-promoting ideas, quote, and stories. I also really appreciated evidence of Bonhoeffer's close relationship with God. For instance, one of the people who saw him shortly before he died happened upon him praying and commented on how he prayed as if he really knew that God was listening to him.

Book #3: How to live a cultured, refined life.
Modern American culture has a lot to offer, but culture and refinement aren't near the top of the list. Paula and Carl Bonhoeffer, however, are models of culture and refinement, and I found myself wishing I could be transported back to their Berlin home of a hundred years ago. From their large family dinners and birthday parties to their Saturday night concerts put on for family and friends, everything they did seems to have been designed to uplift those around them. Their letters to each other are elegant, heartfelt, and full of cultural references. They discuss science, art, and music the way people today talk about the NFL or the Grammys. Their elevated level of culture seems to have pulled them through incredible trauma. Even in prison, their sons had the character and active minds necessary to continue learning, support those around them, and be productive, active members of society.

If you read this, Dietrich Bonhoeffer will become a hero of yours, and so will his mother and his father and his twin sister Sabine and his best friend Bethge and his fiancée Maria. It's wonderful to learn about the German heroes of their darkest days.